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What is the Hague Convention?

Prospective adoptive parents in Georgia may be interested to learn about the Hague Convention. Each country creates its own laws and standards in regard to the protection of children. However, the statutes of individual countries are not sufficient to protect the interests of children who are adopted internationally.

The Hague Convention on the Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption establishes standards for international adoptions with the goal of safeguarding intercountry adoptions. The Convention focuses on working to ensure that an international adoption is in a child's best interests. In addition, the Convention seeks to prevent the trafficking, sale of or abduction of children.

A country that is a party to the Convention is required to establish an Authority to be both a point of contact within that country and a source of information. The United States central authority for the Convention is the Department of State. Adoptions made in compliance with the Convention will be recognized by other countries that are party to the Convention. In order for a child to be adopted internationally, according to the Convention, the child must be found eligible for adoption by his or her country of origin and fair consideration given must be given to finding an adoptive home within the child's country of origin.

A lawyer with a background in adoption cases may work with adoptive parents to ensure that an adoption meets the requirements of the Hague Convention. If a child is being adopted from a non-Convention country, different adoption rules may apply. For example, it may be more difficult and complicated to adopt a child from a non-Convention country.

Source: Bureau of consular affairs , "Understanding the Hague Convention ", December 04, 2014

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